Investigation of Mechanical, Thermal and Melt Flow Performance of Polycarbonate Hybrid Composites Containing Mica Flakes and Glass Fiber

Ibrahim Alhaj1, Seha Tirkes1,*, Firat Hacioglu2, Umit Tayfun3,*

1Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, Atilim University, 06836, Ankara, Turkey

2Turkish Standards Institution, 06100, Ankara, Turkey

3Inovasens Ltd., Izmir Technopark, 35430, Izmir, Turkey

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2020, 11 (4), 20041501

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2020.041501

Publication Date (Web): Mar 24, 2020

E-mail: seha.tirkes@atilim.edu.tr, umit.tayfun@inovasens.com

Abstract


Glass fiber (GF) and mica (MC) filled polycarbonate (PC) composites were fabricated using extrusion process due to considerable applications of PC as recyclable and thermo-stable material in mainly medical, packaging and transportation fields. Tensile, hardness and impact tests, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), melt flow index (MFI) test and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) findings were reported. Mechanical test results show that tensile strength and modulus are improved for higher GF and lower MC contents. The necking behavior of PC disappear after MC and GF inclusions due to the reduction of ductility. Impact strength of PC is reduced with both additions of GF and MC. Glass transition temperatures (Tg) of PC and relevant composites were estimated by the help of DSC analysis. Tg of PC hifts to higher temperatures by the addition of GF. According to TGA results, GF and MC additions cause remarkable increase in thermal stability of PC. MFI of PC extends up to higher values with increase in GF concentration. SEM analysis reveals that GF and MC display nonhomogeneous dispersion for their high loading ratios. Individual inclusions of additives yield higher mechanical and thermal performance than hybrid composites.

Keywords

Polycarbonate, glass fiber, mica, extrusion, hybrid composites.

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