Anisotropic and Nonlinear Mechanical Properties in Two-dimensional Nanomaterials

Ming Yu1,*, Congyan Zhang1, Safia Abdullah R Alharbi1, Anna Zeng2, Kevin Zeng3, Emily Liu4

1Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, 40292 USA

2Department of Computer Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 02139 USA

3Department of Computer Science, Columbia University, New York, NY, 10027 USA

4DuPont Manual High School, 120 W. Lee St, Louisville, Kentucky, 40208 USA

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2019, 10 (12), pp 880-886

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2019.0051

Publication Date (Web): Nov 01, 2019

E-mail: m0yu0001@louisville.edu

Abstract


A systematic computational calculation based on the state-of-the-art quantum mechanics mothed was carried out to study the response of mechanical properties to various strains exerted on graphene, SiC sheet, and recently predicted two-dimensional (2D) sandwiched GaP and InP binary compounds. It was found that these 2D materials undergo an elastic expansion, a structural deformation, and then a structural broken process as the strain increases. Such process strongly depends on the direction of the strain exerted on 2D materials. In particular, a phase transition occurs in 2D sandwiched GaP and InP binary compounds when the strain exerts in zigzag direction. Calculated mechanical properties show that graphene has large linear and nonlinear elastic moduli, followed by 2D SiC monolayer. While the sandwiched GaP and InP structures possess significant anisotropic and nonlinear mechanical properties. Especially, those constants in the zigzag direction are about three to nine times greater than that in the armchair direction. Compared to graphene, they are softer, even along the zigzag direction. Such results provide fundamental information at atomic level for synthesizing, designing, and fabricating nanoelectromechanical and nanoelectronic devices. © VBRI Press.

Keywords

Mechanical properties, anisotropic behavior, Young&rsquo,s modulus, nonlinear elastic modulus.

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