Synthesis and Characterization of Humic Acid-coated Fe3O4 Nanoparticles for Methylene Blue Adsorption Activity

Geitu Yirga, H C Ananda Murthy and Eshetu Bekele*

Geitu Yirga, H C Ananda Murthy and Eshetu Bekele*

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2019, 10 (10), pp 715-723

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2019.0049

Publication Date (Web): Sep 18, 2019

E-mail: eshetubekele@gmail.com

Abstract


Humic acid modified magnetite nanoparticles (HA-Fe3O4 NPs) were synthesized by co-precipitation method by varying the precursor magnetite to HA ratio of 10:1 and 20:1. The synthesized NPs were characterized by FTIR, XRD, SEM-EDX and UV-Vis DR Techniques. The appearance of C=O vibration at 1390 cm-1 confirms positive interaction of carboxylate anion of HA and Fe3O4. The XRD pattern and SEM image shows bare Fe3O4 and HA-Fe3O4 (10:1 and 20:1) exhibit cubic spinel structure and the spherical shape morphology, respectively. The crystallite sizes of NPs were found to be 11.50 nm, 9.17 nm and 12.65 nm for bare, 10:1 and 20:1 Fe3O4-NPs, respectively. The adsorption capacity for the dye was found to increase with increase in contact time, adsorbent dose and initial pH of the solution. The result was best fitted to pseudo 2nd order kinetics model and Langmuir isotherm model. The methylene blue (MB) removal efficiency of bare, 10:1 and 20:1 Fe3O4-NPs from aqueous solutions was recorded to be 95.8%, 99.4%, and 97.6%, respectively. The study confirms the greater efficiency of HA-Fe3O4 NPs compared to bare Fe3O4 for the removal of MB dye. The MB removal efficiency of HA-Fe3O4 NPs was found to be proportional to amount of adsorbed HA. © VBRI Press.

Keywords

Humic acid, magnetite nanoparticles, co-precipitation, methylene blue, adsorption.

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