Palm oil fatty acids and carotenoids extraction with lipase immobilized in magnetic nanoparticles 

Tamires Carvalho1, Adejanildo Pereira1, Priscilla V. Finotelli2, Priscilla F. F. Amaral1*

1Escola de Química, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Av. Athos da Silveira Ramos, 149, Rio de Janeiro, 21941909, Brazil

 2Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Av. Carlos Chagas Filho, 373, Rio de Janeiro, 21941909, Brazil

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2018, 9 (9), pp 643-646

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2018.2059

Publication Date (Web): Jun 14, 2018



Magnetite nanoparticles have unique properties including superparamagnetism and low toxicity. They have been used as supports for immobilization of enzymes because of the advantage including easy separation and effective recycle under external magnetic field. Therefore, the present study aimed at developing a new enzymatic biocatalyst from the immobilization of Yarrowia lipolytica’s (IMUFRJ 50682) lipase on magnetic nanoparticles for its use in free fatty acids and carotenoids extraction from palm oil (Elaeis guineenses). The lipase production conducted in a 4 L benchtop bioreactor generated a crude enzyme extract with hydrolytic p-nitrophenyl laurate activity of 58 U/ml after 24 h. Lipase was immobilized by adsorption on magnetite nanoparticles (Fe3O4). The crude enzymatic extract, both free and immobilized, were used in the hydrolysis of palm oil. Temperature, reaction time and substrate ratio (water/palm oil) were evaluated in a central composite experimental design. The initial concentration of fatty acids and carotenoids present in palm oil obtained via traditional extraction (using organic solvents) were 82.45% and 1892.3 mg/kg, respectively. Using crude lipase extract immobilized in nanoparticles, after 120 min, temperature of 24°C and water/oil ratio of 2, it was possible to obtain similar values, with the advantage of easily removing the catalyst from reaction media and reusing it.


Lipase, nanoparticle, carotenoids, triacylglycerol, hydrolysis.

Current Issue
The Journey of a Decade to Advancing Materials
Are the Electrospun Polymers Polymeric Fibers?
Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Composite Material and Insulation for a Single Walled Tank for Cryogenic Liquids
Prediction of Long-Term Behavior for Dynamically Loaded TPU
Investigation of Doped Titanium Dioxide in Anatase Phase. Study ab initio using Density Functional Theory
Comparison between Single Al2O3 or HfO2 Single Dielectric Layers and their Nanolaminated Systems
Preparation of Stable and Optimized Antibody-gold Nanoparticle Conjugates for Point of Care Test Immunoassays
Resonance-Based Temperature Sensors using a Wafer Level Vacuum Packaged SOI MEMS Process
Integrated System Based on the Hall Sensors Incorporating Compensation of the Distortions
The Efficacy of Cinnamomum Tamala as a Potential Antimicrobial Substance against the Multi-Drug Resistant Enterococcus Faecalis from Clinical Isolates
The Effect of Complexing Reagent on Structural, Electrical and Optical Properties of CuS Thin Film
Laser Cladding of Fluorapatite Nanopowders on Ti6Al4V
Preparation and Evaluation of Sulfonate Polyethylene Glycol Borate Ester as a Modifier of Functional Properties of Complex Petroleum Lithium Grease

Upcoming Congress

Knowledge Experience at Sea TM