Recent advances in lithium-air batteries 

Chunwen Sun1, 2*

1Beijing Institute of Nanoenergy and Nanosystems, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100083, P. R. China

2CAS Center for Excellence in Nanoscience, National Center for Nanoscience and Technology (NCNST), Beijing, 100190, China

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2018, 9 (5), pp 336-344

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2018.1854

Publication Date (Web): May 17, 2018

E-mail: sunchunwen@binn.cas.cn, csun@iphy.ac.cn

Abstract


Lithium (Li)-ion batteries will play a key role in the electrification of transport, including electric vehicles (EVs) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs). However, the present energy storage of Li-ion batteries cannot meet the requirements of transportation in terms of driving range and safety. As a kind of potential alternative energy storage devices, rechargeable Li-air batteries have become one of the most attractive candidates for energy storage and EVs. Li-air batteries can provide several times higher energy density/specific energy of the existing battery systems. In this paper, we mainly focus on the research status, especially some progresses made in our lab, existing challenges and their solutions as well as perspective on the future directions on lithium-air batteries.

Keywords

Lithium-air battery, air cathode, electrolyte, reaction mechanisms.

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