Effective chemical treatment for high efficiency graphene/Si Schottky junction solar cells with a graphene back-contact structure

Ahmed Suhail1*, Genhua Pan1, Kamrul Islam1, David Jenkins1, Angela Milne2

1Wolfson Nanomaterials & Devices Laboratory, School of Computing, Electronics and Mathematics, Faculty of Science & Engineering, Plymouth University, Devon, PL4 8AA, UK

2School of Geography, Earth & Environmental Sciences, Plymouth University, Devon, PL4 8AA, UK

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2017, 8 (10), pp 977-982

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2017.1569

Publication Date (Web): Jul 22, 2017

E-mail: Ahmed.suhail@plymouth.ac.uk

Abstract


We demonstrate a high-efficiency graphene/Si Schottky junction solar cell with an easy to fabricate graphene back-contact structure and effective chemical treatments. This device effectively overcame the current challenges associated with reported graphene/Si Schottky solar cell structures. The short-circuit current density for such a device is increased by around 20% due to the increase of the active area of this device, compared to previous graphene/Si Schottky junction solar cell devices. The undesirable s-shaped kink in J-V curves, as found in previous works, have been eliminated by using Formamide treatment for 30 min prior to an annealing process in the forming gas. The fill factor of this device is improved by 40% after this treatment, due to the effective removal of the unwanted PMMA residue. Moreover, volatile oxidant vapour and anti-reflection coating are applied within the fabrication process for this device to further improve solar cell performance. An efficiency of 9.5% has successfully been achieved for the fabricated device using the fabrication techniques developed in this work. Our device presents a viable and achievable approach to preparing low-cost and high-performance graphene/Si Schottky junction solar cells.

Keywords

Graphene/Si Schottky junction solar cell, s-shaped kink, formamide treatment, anti-reflection coatings.

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