Cover Page September-2011-Advanced Materials Letters

Advanced Materials Letters

Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 227-232, September 2011
About Cover


Effect of H3PO4 reactant and NaF additive on the crystallization and properties of brushite

C. Sekar1*, K. Suguna2,3

1Department of Bioelectronics & Biosensors, Alagappa University, Karaikudi 630003, TN, India

2Department of Physics, Sri Sarada College for Women, Salem  636016, TN, India

3Department of Physics, Periyar University, Salem 636 011, TN, India

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2011, 2 (3), pp 227-232

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2011.1217

Publication Date (Web): Apr 08, 2012

E-mail: sekar2025@gmail.com

Abstract

Calcium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate (CaHPO4.2H2O, CHPD) or brushite crystal is a well known urinary substance found frequently in urinary stones. The CHPD crystals have been crystallized in sodium metasilicate gel (SMS) at room temperature under pH 6 in the presence of sodium fluoride. Here, H3PO4 and CaCl2 were used as reactants which resulted in simultaneous crystallization of mostly dentritic brushite crystals and a small quantity of hydroxyapatite (HA). On the other hand, use of Na2HPO4 and CaCl2 as reactants yielded the large quantity of HA along with platelet brushite crystals. In both the cases, addition of sodium fluoride is found to inhibit the nucleation and subsequent growth of brushite crystals. The crystal morphology, structure and elemental composition of the grown crystals have been analyzed using SEM-EDX and powder XRD studies. Functional groups present in the grown crystals have been confirmed from the vibrational frequencies of the recorded FTIR spectrum.

Keywords

Brushite, gel growth, sodium fluoride, X-ray diffraction, FTIR

Current Issue

Smart Healthcare pulls up Clouds for Virtual Medicine


Selecting the correct electromagnetic inspection technology 


Influence of railway-track grinding on the track material condition and tribological behaviour


Micromechanical Fatigue Modelling of the Size Effect in Micro-Scale 316L Stainless Steel Specimens


Functionalization of Graphene and Reduced Graphene Oxide in Different Matrices


Effect of parasitic polytypes on ballistic electron transport in chemical vapor deposition grown 6H-SiC epitaxial layers


Photomemristive heterostructures based on two-dimensional crystals


Architecture - behaviour - properties relationship in Star-shaped MPA-PMMA and MPA-PS hyper-branched copolymers


Graphene and doped graphene: A comparative DFT study


Ag2CO3 / Magnetic reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite as advanced visible light photocatalytic hybrid materials for efficient degradation of azo dye


Optimization of acid hydrolysis process for the preparation cellulose nanofibrils


Alginate/k-carrageenan and alginate/gelatin composite hydrogel beads for controlled drug release of curcumin


Study of microstructure and mechanical properties of friction stir welded ferrite-martensite DP700 steel


Previous issues

9th Anniversary of Advanced Materials Letters: Progress and Opportunities

Coating - A potent method to enhance electrochemical performance of Li(NixMnyCoz)O2 cathodes for Li-ion batteries

Analysis of machined electron beam treated Ti6Al4V-ELI implant surfaces

Bottom-up design of hydrogels through click-chemistry modification of magnetic nanoparticles

Visualization of mechanical loads with semiconductor nanocrystals 

Room temperature growth of ultra porous hot-wire deposited tantalum pentoxide

Substrate integrated circular cavity resonator filled with nano-fibrillated cellulose for humidity detection

Oxygen vacancy filament-based resistive switching in Hf0.5Zr0.5O2 thin films for non-volatile memory

Innovative silicon compatible materials for light emitting devices  

Graphene micromesh for transparent conductive films application 

Applications of nano-scale Cirrus DopantTM to improve existing coatings

Chitin nanofibrils in renewable materials for packaging and personal care applications

Synthesis of AgNPs embedded double network nanocomposite hydrogels having high swelling and anti-bacterial characteristics

Upcoming Congress

Knowledge Experience at Sea TM