Preparation of dense BaxSr1-xCo0.8Fe0.2O3 membranes: Effect of Ba2+ substituents and sintering method to the density, hardness and thermal expansion coefficient of the membranes  

Hamzah Fansuri1*, Muhammad I. Syafi’i1, Shofiyullah Romdoni1, Alfia D. Masyitoh1, Wahyu P. Utomo1, Didik Prasetyoko1, Nurul Widiastuti1, Irmina K. Murwani1, Subaer2

1Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences,  Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS), Kampus ITS Sukolilo, Surabaya, 60111, Indonesia

2Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Makassar,  Jl. Mallengkeri Raya Kampus UNM Parang Tambung, Makassar, 90244, Indonesia

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2017, 8 (7), pp 799-806

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2017.6948

Publication Date (Web): May 23, 2017

E-mail: h.fansuri@chem.its.ac.id, fansuri.h@gmail.com

Abstract


The aims of this research are to study the sintering technique during the production of BaxSr1-xCo0.8Fe0.2O3-δ (BSCF) membranes and to obtain information about the correlation between Ba2+ substituent with membrane’s density, hardness and thermal expansion coefficient. BSCF with x = 0.5, 0.6 and 0.7 (BSCF 5582, 6482 and 7382) were synthesized by the solid state method. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the three oxides possessed a cubic structure with high purity and crystallinity. BSCF membranes were made by dry pressing method from their respective powders which passed through 400 mesh sieves at 1050 oC and 1150 oC. Membranes with high density were obtained from phased sintering technique at 1150 °C. SEM analysis results showed that the surface of the membranes is dense, albeit pores can still be found in the cross section of the membranes. The density of the membranes decreased as the amount of Ba2+ substituent increases indicated by the increase in pore size. A similar pattern was also found in the membrane hardness which decreased as the amount of Ba2+ content increased. Thermal expansion coefficient of BSCF 5582 was 18.28 ppm which was the highest one followed by BSCF 6482 and BSCF 7382.

Keywords

BaxSr1-xCo0.8Fe0.2O3-&delta,, dense membranes, perovskite, sintering, thermal expansion

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