Synthesis and characterization of low temperature superparamagnetic cobalt ferrite nanoparticles

Kamlesh V. Chandekar*,  K. Mohan Kant

Department of Applied Physics, Visvesvararya National Institute of Technology, Nagpur 440010, India

Adv. Mater. Lett., 2017, 8 (4), pp 435-443

DOI: 10.5185/amlett.2017.6900

Publication Date (Web): Mar 14, 2017

E-mail: k.mohankant@gmail.com

Abstract


Cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) nanoparticles were synthesized by co-precipitation route at 80 °C. X-ray diffraction pattern (XRD) confirmed cubic inverse spinel structure of CoFe2O4 nanoparticles. The average crystallite size of CoFe2O4 nanoparticles estimated by X-ray line profile fitting was 12±2 nm for high-intensity peak (311). The particle size, distribution and surface morphology was estimated using Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) with average particle size of 16±2 nm. Raman spectra of CoFe2O4 nanoparticles exhibits phonon modes corresponding to tetrahedral sites (679 cm-1) and octahedral sites (465 cm-1) respectively. The saturation magnetization Ms for CoFe2O4 sample is found to be 63 and 82 emu/g at 300 K and 10 K respectively. The cubic magnetic anisotropy constant K1 and saturation magnetization Ms are obtained by fitting M versus H isotherm to the saturation approach law. By fitting, K1 and Ms is 2.16 x105 J/m3 and 66 emu/g respectively at 300 K. The cubic magnetic anisotropy constant K1 = 5.49 x105 J/mis evaluated at blocking temperature of 144 K. The particle size and L-S coupling is responsible for superparamagnetic behaviour of CoFe2O4 nanoparticles. Fitting of FC curve provides Curie temperature at Tc = 823K using modified Bloch’s law for CoFe2O4 nanoparticles. Tunable particle sizes by controlling the magnetic anisotropy and L-S coupling will tailor magnetic properties and usage in bio-medical applications

Keywords

CoFe2O4,co-precipitation, L - S coupling, superparamagnetism, anisotropic constant.

Current Issue

Advanced Materials Congress Celebrating 10th Years of Establishment


Secure Management of Networked Batteries for Building Integrated Photovoltaics (BIPV) Systems  


The Cause of 100-year Low Carbonated Concrete of the Bridge 


Organic Montmorillonite Intercalated Nano-composites Prevent Post-Surgical Associated Infections


Morphology/tensile Performance Relationship for LLDPE/PP Double Gated Injected Blends


Preparation and Characterization of Nickel Ferrite Nanoparticles via Sol-gel Method


Nitrogen-doped Diamond Nanowire Gas Sensor for the Detection of Methane


Manufacture of Functional Open-cell Al Foams with Recycled Al Scraps using NaCl Ball Space Holder 


Vilsmeier-Haack Transformations under Non Classical Conditions


New Application of Highly Vesicular Basalt from Jabel Isbil Volcano (Dhamar-Rada'a Volcanic Field), Yemen


An Assessment of Tribological Characteristics under different Operating Condition


Functional Bi Coatings as A Perspective Material for Radiation Shields Production against Electron Radiation


Effects of Silica Modified NiFe2O4 on the Dielectric and Electrical Properties of NiFe2O4 filled Poly (methyl methacrylate) Composites


Previous issues
The Journey of a Decade to Advancing Materials Are the Electrospun Polymers Polymeric Fibers? Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Composite Material and Insulation for a Single Walled Tank for Cryogenic Liquids Prediction of Long-Term Behavior for Dynamically Loaded TPU Investigation of Doped Titanium Dioxide in Anatase Phase. Study ab initio using Density Functional Theory Comparison between Single Al2O3 or HfO2 Single Dielectric Layers and their Nanolaminated Systems Preparation of Stable and Optimized Antibody-gold Nanoparticle Conjugates for Point of Care Test Immunoassays Resonance-Based Temperature Sensors using a Wafer Level Vacuum Packaged SOI MEMS Process Integrated System Based on the Hall Sensors Incorporating Compensation of the Distortions The Efficacy of Cinnamomum Tamala as a Potential Antimicrobial Substance against the Multi-Drug Resistant Enterococcus Faecalis from Clinical Isolates The Effect of Complexing Reagent on Structural, Electrical and Optical Properties of CuS Thin Film Laser Cladding of Fluorapatite Nanopowders on Ti6Al4V Preparation and Evaluation of Sulfonate Polyethylene Glycol Borate Ester as a Modifier of Functional Properties of Complex Petroleum Lithium Grease

Upcoming Congress

Knowledge Experience at Sea TM