Thermoelectric Properties Of Hot-pressed Pellets Of Al And Ti Co-doped Calcium Cobalt Oxides (Ca(3-x)AlxCo(4-y)TiyO9+δ)
Raj K. Gupta, and Ajit K. Mahapatro, Ram P. Tandon
Volume 3, Issue 2, Page 103-107, Year 2018 | DOI: 10.5185/amp.2018/848
Keywords: Electrical resistivity, thermoelectric materials, power factor, seebeck coefficient.
Abstract: This work demonstrates the achievement of high thermopower in the pellets of calcium cobalt oxide (Ca3Co4O9) co-doped with aluminium (Al) and titanium (Ti). The pellets of Ca(3-x)AlxCo(4-y)TiyO9+δ with x, y = 0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, and 0.5, oxide ceramics are prepared using a hot-press machine by applying an uniaxial pressure of 70 MPa at a dwell temperature of 850 ºC. Microstructure imaging reveals compactness of good connectivity among grains with the estimated density using Archimedes principle suggests the formation of near perfect (99%) relative density for the new pelleted ceramics. All the co-doped samples exhibit lower electrical resistivity (r) values compared to pure Ca3Co4O9. The maximum Seebeck coefficient (S) of 177 μV/K at 750 K is achieved for the pure Ca3Co4O9 sample. A significant improvement of 18% in the power factor (S2/r) is realized at 750 K in the co-doped samples containing 0.2 mol% of Al and Ti co-doping. The demonstration of significant thermoelectric properties of Ca(3-x)AlxCo(4-y)TiyO9+δ suggest that these materials could be utilized as promising active material in thermoelectrics. Copyright © 2018 VBRI Press.