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Enhanced Dynamic Mechanical Properties Of Kenaf Epoxy Composites

Rajnish Kumar, S. A. R. Hashmi, Subhash Nimanpure, Ajay Naik

Volume 2, Issue 11, Page 749-757, Year 2017 | DOI: 10.5185/amp.2017/981

Keywords: Kenaf fibre-epoxy composite, mechanical properties, dynamic mechanical analysis, micro-mechanical models, SEM.

Abstract: Randomly distributed kenaf fibre with varying length (5-50mm) and weight fractions (25-40%) were used to reinforce epoxy resin to prepare environment friendly composites. Effect of fibre length with constant fibre loading on dynamic mechanical properties was studied and its effect on storage modulus, loss modulus and damping factor were investigated. Kenaf fibres were also subjected to alkali treatment to improve interaction with the epoxy resin. The mechanical properties of composites improved with the length and loading of fibres. Tensile strength, flexural strength and impact strength of composites at 40 wt% of fibre reinforcement improved by 46, 51 and 97% as compared to the composites containing 25 wt% of kenaf fibre. It was also observed that fibre folds developed during mixing became significant factor which limited the improvement in mechanical strength of kenaf epoxy composites. A few important predictive models namely rule of mixture, Haplin-Tsai, Nielson Chen and Manera models were compared with the experimental values obtained in this present study. Manera model predicted the experimental data most accurately. Alkali treatment improved the interface and its outcome reflected in the improved modulus that increased 21.76% in samples having 10mm length of kenaf fibre. Copyright © 2017 VBRI Press.

Advanced Materials Proceedings

The official journal of the International Association of Advanced Materials (IAAM)