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Creep and thermal ratcheting characterization of polytetrafluoroethylene-based gasket materials

Rahul Palaniappan Kanthabhabha Jeya, Abdel-Hakim Bouzid

Volume 2, Issue 10, Page 609-614, Year 2017 | DOI: 10.5185/amp.2017/027

Keywords: PTFE-based gaskets, compressive creep, thermal ratcheting, coefficient of thermal expansion.

Abstract: Characterization of Teflon polymer based gaskets under expedited aging is the objective of this work. Teflon gaskets are exploited frequently as a replacement to asbestos fiber gaskets because of their excellent leak tightness and nonhazardous physical degradation properties. The research focuses profoundly on the adverse influence of temperature and thermal cycles on the creep and cumulative damage phenomenon under compressive load. Virgin and expanded PolyTetraFluoroEthylene (PTFE) are tested under 28 and 41 MPa of gasket stress at different temperatures. Intricate analysis of creep under coalesces of thermal ratcheting and principal stress is achieved through Universal Gasket Rig (UGR). The instigated cumulative damage is distinguishable into upper and lower bound temperature region indicating the escalation and decrease of thickness change during cycling which saturates after 12 thermal cycles for expanded PTFE while no saturation is reached for virgin PTFE in even after 20 thermal cycles. Percentage of thickness reduction at different applied stress is nearly the same for virgin PTFE whereas expanded PTFE shows largest reduction under lower stress. Compressive creep bespeaks the impact of temperature and load, thereby dictating the magnitude of ratcheting damage and contrariwise. Finally, the creep and thermal ratcheting has a proliferating effect on value of the coefficient of thermal expansion for all chosen gaskets. Copyright © 2017 VBRI Press.

Advanced Materials Proceedings

The official journal of the International Association of Advanced Materials (IAAM)