Electrochemical Deposition Of P-type FeS2 Thin Films Absorber Layer For Photovoltaic Cell
P. Prabukanthan, R. Lakshmi, T. Rajesh Kumar, S.Thamaraiselvi, G. Harichandran
Volume 2, Issue 8, Page 521-525, Year 2017 | DOI: 10.5185/amp.2017/811
Keywords: Iron pyrite, electrochemical deposition, structural properties, optical properties, electrical properties.
Abstract: Electrochemical deposition (ECD) of FeS2 thin films from aqueous solution contains FeSO4, Na2S2O3.5H2O and H2SO4. ECDs were performed at different bath temperatures (30, 40, 50, 60 and 70°C) with constant pH (~2). FESEM images shows that the grains are as deposited films with stoichiometric iron pyrite thin films were successfully formed at 50, 60 and 70°C and S/Fe ratio in as-deposited films were ~2. GAXRD studies of as-deposited at 30 and 40°C FeS2 thin films shows a minor phase of orthorhombic marcasite and major cubic pyrite phase observed. As-deposited thin films at 50, 60 and 70°C brings about the formation of FeS2 with single crystalline cubic phases with a strong (111) preferred orientation and without any contribution of marcasite phase. When the bath temperature was increased, as-deposited thin films of crystalline size, thickness and roughness value increased due to rate of formation FeS2 increased. Raman spectra of the FeS2 thin films presented characteristic peaks of S-S active mode at 377 cm-1. The optical spectra of the as-deposited FeS2 thin films with different bath temperatures showed a clear absorption edge band gap of these films from 0.86 to 0.96 eV. As-deposited FeS2 thin films at different bath temperatures show p-type conductivity. Copyright © 2017 VBRI Press.